Centuries of sectarianism and parental traditions had convinced them that divine communication with God's children had come to a sudden and permanent end with the last chapter of the Bible. But Joseph not only had the temerity to speak of divine communication to a world that had rejected the possibility, but then to write such communications for his followers and to make them available for the world to examine and attack. Among those written collections is the Doctrine and Covenants, a selection of revelations given to the Prophet Joseph Smith and a few others. Do you not have the sense of what a miracle it is that we have this book of modern revelations, and that our Father has not only called us to His holy work, but has given us the manual of instructions for how to conduct his work in this day?
This lesson introduces many vocabulary terms that will be used throughout the three lessons in this unit. Reinforcement of concepts is provided within this lesson to scaffold learning so that students will be prepared to understand limiting factors and energy pyramids. Instructional Procedures View Part 1: Energy Flow through Food Chains As a whole-class activity, generate a list of dinner food options e.
Explain that autotroph is a synonym for producer and heterotroph is a synonym for consumer producer and consumer should be familiar terms. Present students with a model food chain, such as: Explain that each level of a food chain is called a trophic level.
Ask students where the grass gets its energy i. Note that decomposers are not always included in food chains, and they can fit into a food chain at any level. Explain that decomposers can fit at any level because they break down waste material and dead organisms at every trophic level.
Also note that detritivore is a subcategory that is sometimes used interchangeably with decomposer; examples are earthworms and crabs. Have each group sort the organisms into three piles, producers, consumers, and decomposers. Then have the groups further sort the consumers into piles representing herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores.
Provide students with other examples of food chains. Ask students to identify the trophic levels in each of the food chains. Discuss why there are more producers than consumers in food chains.
See the Marine Food Chain Web site in the Related Resources section for more information about feeding relationships between marine organisms.
Have each student write a paragraph describing feeding relationships in one of the food chains from this lesson. The paragraph should include the terms energy, producers, and consumers in the description.
Food Webs Ask students why food chains are a good model of feeding relationships in ecosystems. Elicit that they show the transfer of energy from one organism to another. Food Web Demonstrate this concept by having students brainstorm organisms that can be found in an open field e.
Write the organisms on the board spread out. Have student volunteers draw arrows to show which animals eat each other in this field ecosystem.
Students should see how complex even a simple food web can be, because each predator can have more than one type of prey, and each type of prey can be eaten by different predators.
Food Webs If Internet access is available: After they view the video, have them identify various feeding relationships and identify producers and consumers from the coral reef ecosystem.
Then, have small groups of students complete the Food Webs interactive activity see Materials section for this lesson. Assign each group one of the four food web choices. Monitor students as they work on this activity, asking questions about the feeding habits of the organisms in the food web.
Additional online activities on food webs are available in the Related Resources section. Have each small group of students arrange the classifying cards into a food web on the sheet of unlined paper, drawing arrows on the paper to indicate the flow of energy.
For Part 1, assist students by having them create a concept map using the following terms: Alternatively, display a list of organisms that would be found in a specific ecosystem, such as the desert.NYS COMMON CORE MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM 5•Lesson 2 Exit Ticket 1 Lesson 2: Reason abstractly using place value understanding to relate adjacent base ten units from millions to thousandths.
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