An analysis of the diabetes epidemic in relation to the fast food phenomenon

These flu-like side effects tend to be the most severe within the first week of the diet change as the body has not adjusted to the new change. At the same time, the ketone bodies tend to trigger frequent urination the body usually rids of these waste products to avoid buildup. Due to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, the symptoms can become worse. Solution for the Problem:

An analysis of the diabetes epidemic in relation to the fast food phenomenon

CandibMD Lucy M. This article has been corrected.

Scottish Doctor, author, speaker, sceptic

See Ann Fam Med. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Around the world obesity and diabetes are climbing to epidemic proportion, even in countries previously characterized by scarcity.

Likewise, people from low-income and minority communities, as well as immigrants from the developing world, increasingly visit physicians in North America with obesity, metabolic syndrome, or diabetes. Explanations limited to lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise are inadequate to explain the universality of what can be called a syndemic, a complex and widespread phenomenon in population health produced by multiple reinforcing conditions.

Underlying the problem are complex factors—genetic, physiological, psychological, familial, social, economic, and political—coalescing to overdetermine these conditions. These interacting factors include events occurring during fetal life, maternal physiology and life context, the thrifty genotype, the nutritional transition, health impact of urbanization and immigration, social attributions and cultural perceptions of increased weight, and changes in food costs and availability resulting from globalization.

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Better appreciation of the complexity of causation underlying the worldwide epidemic of obesity and diabetes can refocus the work of clinicians and researchers to work at multiple levels to address prevention and treatment for these conditions among vulnerable populations.

Obesity, diabetes, poverty, emigration and immigration, minority groups, nutrition, globalization, syndemics, public health practice INTRODUCTION Obesity, and its coconspirator, diabetes, increasingly dominate health problems for immigrants, low-income populations, and communities of color.

North American physicians who provide primary health care to low-income communities and immigrant populations from the developing world confront such vulnerable patients every day.

Often the initial investigation of the patient, who may be seriously overweight, reveals previously undiagnosed hypertension, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, or dyslipidemia. These conditions appear to relate to personal behaviors based on lifestyle decisions.

When these vulnerable patients—be they black, Hispanic, Native American, poor, or immigrant—fail to change their diet or lose weight or exercise, and take their medications erratically owing to cost or misunderstanding or sheer disbelief in the need for daily medication, physicians may attribute the problem to failure of personal responsibility.

Epidemiologic studies often focus on individual characteristics and behaviors to explain these problems rather than examine the multiple forces at work. In this essay, I describe some of the emerging understandings about the interacting causes of this worldwide phenomenon with a particular focus on immigrants and members of low-income communities and communities of color within North America.

An analysis of the diabetes epidemic in relation to the fast food phenomenon

The Need for Systems Thinking In the United States and other developed nations, diabetes and obesity are markers for inequalities in health. Although these infirmities affect all segments of the population, minority populations, low-income communities, and immigrants especially as time passes since arrival are disproportionately afflicted.

Internationally it may not be the very poorest populations who face diabetes and obesity, but rather it may be those with some access to the cheapest foodstuffs. The merger of many interacting forces conjoined in creating this global phenomenon calls for explanatory models and ways of thinking that go beyond traditional singular notions of causality.

I will suggest that systems thinking may provide a way to consider such an enormous problem, marked by complexity at every level. Finally, I will offer some areas of action for family medicine in the realms of research, collaboration, and advocacy. The terms used to describe these factors may be unfamiliar to practicing clinicians but are commonly understood among public health experts in nutrition.

Recent editorials in major medical journals have begun to bring some of these factors to wider attention.Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health.

It is defined by body mass index (BMI) and further evaluated in terms of fat distribution via the waist–hip ratio and total cardiovascular risk factors. BMI is closely related to both percentage body fat and total body fat.

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Around the world obesity and diabetes are climbing to epidemic proportion, even in countries previously characterized by scarcity. international marketing of fast food, changes in physical activity in work, market-based changes in the availability of domestic products, media promotion of The Relationship between Hunger, Food Insecurity.

Dr. Robert Lustig, professor of pediatrics at the University of California at San Francisco, is the star of the video above. While he presents some material that’s scientifically sound, he also makes enough errors to warrant a healthy dose of criticism.

You want to control your diabetes as much as possible.

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You wouldn’t be reading this if you didn’t. So you regularly check your A1C level. This is the best measurement of our . Food Allergy, Intolerance, and Sensitivity: Are the foods you eat making you ill?

Dear Reader, Savoring a good meal can be one of the great pleasures in life.

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