Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. The expansion of the Reformation in Europe By the middle of the 16th century, Lutheranism had spread into the various principalities and kingdoms of northern Europe. Brandenburgand its capital Berlinembraced reform inand in that same year ducal Saxonyuntil then vehemently Catholic, changed sides. Elisabeth of Braunschweig also converted inbut only after much turbulence did her faith prevail in the land.
Countries by percentage of Protestants in Protestant majority countries in Origins[ edit ] Protestants generally trace to the 16th century their separation from the Catholic Church.
Mainstream Protestantism began with the Magisterial Reformationso called because it received support from the magistrates that is, the civil authorities.
The Radical Reformationhad no state sponsorship. As the Hussite movement was led by a majority of Bohemian nobles and recognized for a time by the Basel Compactsthis is considered by some to be the first Magisterial Reformation in Europe. To some degree, these protests can be explained by the events of the previous two centuries in Europe and particularly in Bohemia.
Earlier in the south of France, where the old influence of the Cathars led to the growing protests against the pope and his authorities, Guillaume Farel b. These also spread later to other parts of Europe. Bohemian Reformation Unrest due to the Avignon Papacy and the Papal Schism in the Roman Catholic Church — sparked wars between princes, uprisings among peasants, and widespread concern over corruption in the Church.
A new nationalism also challenged the relatively internationalist medieval world. The first of a series of disruptive and new perspectives came from John Wycliffe at Oxford Universitythen from Jan Hus at the University of Prague Hus had been influenced by Wycliffe. The conclave condemned Jan Hus, who was executed by burning in spite of a promise of safe-conduct.
At the command of Pope Martin VWycliffe was exhumed and burned as a heretic twelve years after his burial.
The Council of Constance confirmed and strengthened the traditional medieval conception of Churches and Empires. It did not address the national or theological tensions which had been stirred up during the previous century.
The council could not prevent schism and the Hussite Wars in Bohemia.
Historians would generally assume that the failure to reform too many vested interests, lack of coordination in the reforming coalition would eventually lead to a greater upheaval or even revolution, since the system must eventually be adjusted or disintegrate, and the failure of the Conciliar movement helped lead to the Protestant Reformation in Europe.
These frustrated reformist movements ranged from nominalismdevotio moderna modern devotionto humanism occurring in conjunction with economic, political and demographic forces that contributed to a growing disaffection with the wealth and power of the elite clergysensitizing the population to the financial and moral corruption of the secular Renaissance church.
The outcome of the Black Death encouraged a radical reorganization of the economy, and eventually of European society. In the emerging urban centers, however, the calamities of the fourteenth and early fifteenth century, and the resultant labor shortages, provided a strong impetus for economic diversification and technological innovations.
Accumulation of surplus, competitive overproductionand heightened competition to maximize economic advantage, contributed to civil war, aggressive militarismand thus to centralization.
As a direct result of the move toward centralization, leaders like Louis XI of France —the "spider king", sought to remove all constitutional restrictions on the exercise of their authority. In EnglandFranceand Spain the move toward centralization begun in the thirteenth century was carried to a successful conclusion.
But as recovery and prosperity progressed, enabling the population to reach its former levels in the late 15th and 16th centuries, the combination of a newly-abundant labor supply and improved productivity, was a mixed blessing for many segments of Western European society.
Despite tradition, landlords started to exclude peasants from " common lands ". With trade stimulated, landowners increasingly moved away from the manorial economy. Woollen manufacturing greatly expanded in FranceGermanyand the Netherlands and new textile industries began to develop.
The invention of movable type led to Protestant zeal for translating the Bible and getting it into the hands of the laity. The "humanism" of the Renaissance period stimulated unprecedented academic ferment, and a concern for academic freedom.
Ongoing, earnest theoretical debates occurred in the universities about the nature of the church, and the source and extent of the authority of the papacy, of councils, and of princes.
Protests against Rome began in earnest when Martin Lutheran Augustinian monk and professor at the university of Wittenbergcalled in for a reopening of the debate on the sale of indulgences.
The quick spread of discontent occurred to a large degree because of the printing press and the resulting swift movement of both ideas and documents, including the 95 Theses.
Information was also widely disseminated in manuscript form, as well as by cheap prints and woodcuts amongst the poorer sections of society.The spread of Protestantism in Europe, The Reformation, Renaissance and Reformation, SOSE: History, Year 8, QLD Introduction When, in October , the German monk named Martin Luther posted his 95 theses to the door of a Catholic Church in Wittenberg, little did he realise that within a few decades the entire religious make-up of Western .
Protestantism is one of the three major branches of Christianity, along with Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. History; Beliefs; . The history of anti-Protestantism is one with the history of Protestantism the title with the word protest in it, is a huge clue.
Protestantism and Church reform initially began within the Catholic Church itself but Luther changed the game by maki. Distribution of Protestantism and Roman Catholicism in Central Europe on the eve of the Thirty Years' War ().
Henry VIII of England, known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. The expansion of the Reformation in Europe. By the middle of the 16th century, Lutheranism had spread into the various principalities and kingdoms of northern Europe. The duchy of Württemberg, after the restoration of Duke Ulrich, adopted reform in ; its outstanding reformer was Johannes Brenz and its great centre Tübingen.
urbanagricultureinitiative.com: history of protestantism. a Panoramic View of Western Europe and the US by Vergilius Ferm. Hardcover. $ (11 used & new offers) out of 5 stars 2. Come Shouting to Zion: African American Protestantism in the American South and British Caribbean to Mar 16,